Plum Orchard February 2007
Pool House Forward
Pool House Introduction
Pool House General Description
Pool House Hunting Lodge
Pool House Dressing Rooms
Pool House Pool Chamber
Pool House Squash Court
Pool House Game Rooms
Pool House Utilities
Pool House Surroundings
Pool House Drawings
Pool House Photographs
This report is one of several on historic structures in the Dungeness Historic District of Cumberland Island National Seashore. A separate Administrative Data Section has been prepared covering all the District structures•
Historian Louis Torres has prepared a two-part report on the entire National Seashore, consisting of an Historic Resource Study and the Historical Data Section of an Historic Structure Report. Historian Torres is also preparing nominations to the National Register for all District Structures. The Recreation/Guest House has been tentatively evaluated at the second order of significance.
See separate report on the Dungeness
Mansion Ruins for a brief historical summary, significance statement and
description of the Dungeness Historic District as a whole, with special
emphasis on the Thomas and Lucy Carnegie period, 1884-1916.
This building has been called "The Pool" or "The Casino" in an informal or casual way. However, the name Recreation/Guest House is used in the Administrative Data Section and in the Master Plan as a more descriptive and inclusive title. Accordingly it is established as the official name of the structure.
The Recreation/Guest House is located about 150 yards southeast of the Mansion on the same road and is immediately northwest of the Grange, the estate superintendent's residence. The original portion was designed by John W. Ingle, a New York City architect who had offices in 1906-07 at 109 West 42nd Street. The building was probably constructed in several stages as discussed below, the first perhaps about 1900. It rivals the nearby Carriage House in extensiveness, the overall measurements being 167' by 138'. It is an exciting and lively building in overall effect, yet with a coherence and restraint in design achieved by the uniform color and texture of wood shingle wall and roof surfaces, accented by brick chimneys and foundation piers. The structure falls into the Shingle Style category, and it is interesting to note that Peabody and Stearns, Boston architects who designed the large additions to the nearby mansion also designed several large residences in the Shingle Style of similar character to the subject building. Other Shingle Style details are the segmental bays with Palladian windows, the round turrets and the small glass window panes.
The present appearance of the building complex is probably unchanged, both at the exterior and the interior, from its appearance following construction of the final addition early in this century.
[This information and accompanying photographs are from a National Parks Service Document. ]
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